Buenos Aires, Miercoles, 7 de Junio
24 enero, 2022 12:01 Imprimir

Un informe de la OMC examina las medidas adoptadas para impulsar la participación de los PMA en el comercio internacional



En una nueva publicación de la OMC presentada el 19 de enero se destaca que en el próximo decenio hará falta un mayor apoyo de la comunidad internacional para fortalecer la participación de los países menos adelantados (PMA) en el comercio mundial. Aunque en los diez últimos años los PMA se han beneficiado de más oportunidades de acceso a los mercados, flexibilidad para aplicar las normas de la OMC y asistencia técnica relacionada con el comercio, la pandemia de COVID-19 ha causado dificultades aún mayores a estos países, que han afectado gravemente a sus exportaciones.

“Boosting trade opportunities for least-developed countries” reviews the progress made over the past decade to help LDCs further integrate into the global trading system. The volatility of commodity prices over the past ten years and the onset of the COVID-19 crisis caused LDCs’ share of global exports to shrink to 0.91 per cent in 2020, compared with 0.95 per cent in 2011. The global goal of the United Nations aimed at doubling the LDC export share by 2020 is yet to be met.

“Increasing LDC participation in global trade is a shared objective of the international community. The WTO offers LDCs a unique opportunity to help shape global trade rules that respond to their trade interests. This report has illustrated the tangible benefits that LDCs working closely with WTO members have achieved over the past ten years. It is important to build on what we have achieved so far and make sure that trade continues to boost economic growth in LDCs and worldwide in the next decade and beyond,” said Director-General Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala.

The report notes that LDCs’ participation in global trade can be strengthened by enhancing preferential market access for LDC exports of goods and services. It also highlights the importance of longer timeframes for LDCs to implement WTO rules, including for trade-related aspects of intellectual property. Support from development partners will also be crucial to sustain the development efforts of economies graduating from LDC status.

“The least developed countries continue to face considerable challenges in integrating into global trading systems. The United Nations will continue to support these efforts through building ambitious partnerships in the context of the Doha Programme of Action, which will be adopted at the Fifth UN Conference on LDCs (LDC5)”, said Ms. Heidi Schroderus-Fox, Acting United Nations High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States.

This report is the WTO’s contribution to the LDC5 Conference originally scheduled for 23-27 January 2022 but postponed due to recent COVID-19 developments. One of the main objectives of the rescheduled LDC5 Conference is to adopt a Programme of Action for LDCs for the decade 2022-2031.

Fuente: OMC


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