Buenos Aires, Martes, 28 de Junio
23 noviembre, 2020 23:09 Imprimir

OMC – El Barómetro sobre el Comercio de Mercancías indica una capacidad de recuperación del comercio



El comercio mundial de mercancías parece haberse recuperado considerablemente después de la abrupta caída registrada durante la pandemia de COVID-19, aunque no está claro si el crecimiento podrá mantenerse en el futuro, según los datos más recientes del Barómetro sobre el Comercio de Mercancías de la OMC, publicados el 20 de noviembre. El fuerte aumento del índice del Barómetro estuvo impulsado por un súbito incremento de los pedidos de exportación. Sin embargo, resultados no tan claramente promisorios en otros sectores y el resurgimiento de la COVID-19 podrían afectar al comercio en los próximos meses.


The Goods Trade Barometer’s current reading of 100.7 marks a dramatic improvement from the 84.5 recorded last August, which reflected collapsing trade and output in the second quarter as lockdowns and travel restrictions were employed to fight the virus. The latest reading indicates a strong rebound in trade in the third quarter as lockdowns were eased, but growth is likely to slow in the fourth quarter as pent-up demand is exhausted and inventory restocking is completed.


Trade-related uncertainty remains high. A second wave of COVID-19 infection is already under way in Europe and North America, leading to renewed lockdowns that could trigger another round of business closures and financial distress. On a more positive note, progress has been reported in the development of a vaccine, but when and how it might be deployed is not yet known.

The Goods Trade Barometer is designed to gauge momentum and identify turning points in world trade growth in real time. Readings of 100 indicate expansion in line with medium-term trends; readings greater than 100 suggest above-trend growth, while those below 100 indicate below-trend growth.

All of the barometer’s component indices were rising in the latest months, with some climbing above their medium-run trends while others remained depressed. The recovery in the overall barometer index was driven by export orders (113.5) and agricultural raw materials (103.6), both of which finished firmly above trend. The indices for container shipping (102.0) and automotive products (94.6)  also recovered substantially to near trend, while those for air freight (88.5) and electronic components (94.6) remained below trend.

The latest reading of the Goods Trade Barometer is consistent with the WTO’s revised trade forecast of 6 October 2020, which predicted a 9.2% decline in the volume of world merchandise trade in 2020. This outcome would require a sharp rebound in the third quarter following the 17.2% year-on-year decline registered in the second quarter.

Normally the Goods Trade Barometer anticipates turning points in world trade by a few months, but new sources of uncertainty related to the COVID-19 pandemic may have reduced the predictive value of its component indices. Under these circumstances, higher-frequency (i.e. daily or weekly) statistics may provide additional signals of economic activity and trade to complement the standard set of indicators. These indicators point to a stalled recovery of international flights and container shipping in October, but improved economic sentiment as reflected by copper futures and press reports (see below).

The trade barometers provide a preview of trends in WTO trade statistics, which can be downloaded at data.wto.org. Forthcoming releases include merchandise and commercial services trade values on 27 November and merchandise trade volumes in mid-December.

Seguir leyendo en https://www.wto.org/spanish/news_s/news20_s/wtoi_20nov20_s.htm

Fuente: OMC


Other News